This evening, I am posting information on a fascinating and scenic drive in a remote part of the English Lake District.
This is a journey along a narrow, single track road going west to east from Ravenglass and Muncaster Castle through Eskdale, passing Beckfoot and Boot, up through the Hardknott Pass with potential stop at Hardknott Roman Fort. Then on, up into the Lake District National Park and down from Cockley Beck via Wrynose Pass into Little Langdale and on to Ambleside or other destinations.
This evening, I am posting information on the Roman site of Corbridge which is located about 20 miles west of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in Northern England.
Here is a summary of the site’s evolution from a military frontier post to a prosperous town:
A fort just to the west of the present site was established in AD 79.
A new fort on the current site was constructed in AD 84, probably for unit of cavalry. This was destroyed by fire in AD 105.
A new fort was built in context of the open frontier then prevailing. This lasted until AD 120.
A new fort, contemporary with the construction of Hadrian’s Wall and 4 km south of the Wall,was built to house an infantry garrison.
A stone fort was built in AD 139 coinciding with the ¬†frontier centred on the newly constructed Antonine Wall.
Corbridge ceased to be used as a base for auxiliary troops in AD 163, contemporary with re-commissioning of Hadrian’s Wall as the Northern Frontier of the Empire.
Over the following fifty years Corbridge consolidated as a civilian town, probably with a small military unit at its centre.
Around AD180 large scale civic building commenced including two granaries, a fountain house and forum or market.At this time Corbridge suffered an incursion by Northern tribes (hostile to Rome) which resulted in a significant damage to the town.
Around AD 200 the granaries and fountain were completed. The town may have been used as a supply base for the army at this time.
The town continued into the third and fourth centuries AD although scant information is available for this period. Most of this civilian centre is under fields close to the site ands does not form part of the visible archaeology. During this period Corbridge may have been a supply base and support centre for the troops on Hadrian’s Wall.
The site was occupied until collapse of Roman rule in the late 4th century AD.
The Museum on site at Corbridge contains a wide range of finds consistent with the long period of occupation summarised above. Here can be seen coins, pottery, altars and grave-markers. The most important find at Corbridge is the ‘Corbridge Hoard’. Inside the remains of a buried chest were a remarkable collection of objects which comprised armour, weapons, tools and implements, fittings and miscellaneous items.
Video clip of Corbridge Roman Site
Stanegate at Corbridge Roman Site, England
Water Fountain Site at Corbridge, England
Granary at Corbridge Roman Site, England
Roman Underground Military Safe at Corbridge
Overview of Corbridge site S.W.-N.E.
Overview of Corbridge site S.E. to N.W.with museum in distance
This evening, I am posting information on a famous Glasgow Bar (Scotland), namely the Horse Shoe which is located in Drury Street close to Central Station.
The Horse Shoe is a good example of Glaswegian pub culture. In addition to drinks the bar is famous for its meat pies and value for money bar food.
However, the Horse Shoe’s main claim to fame rests in the length of its bar which, at 104 feet, ranks it as one of the longest bars in Britain and possibly Europe.
The Horse Shoe was first established in 1846. It was under ownership of former employee John Young Whyte, who acquired the Bar in 1923, ¬†that the equine theme was reinforced and extended throughout the establishment.
The building has been assigned Category A listed status which affords protection to the structure.