Inchcolm Abbey, Firth of Forth, Scotland
This evening, I am posting information on Inchcolm Abbey, a remarkably well-preserved medieval structure located on Inchcolm Island in Scotland’s Firth of Forth.
The island may well have been revered as a religious site in the first century AD, There was found on Inchcolm a 10th century,Viking influenced ‘hogback’ grave-marker which is now in the island’s museum. However, the extant buildings were built and occupied during the period 12th century to 16th century, AD. A summary chronology is as follows:
- An Augustinian monastery was established in the 1160s on instructions of Scotland’s King Alexander I. First documented record dates from a round 1165 when under control of the Diocese of Dunkeld. The monastery was the preserve of a cadre of canons (priests), not monks.
- In 1235 Pope Gregory IX authorised the re-classification from monastery to abbey. The abbey attracted wealthy benefactors and was favoured burial-place of bishops in the early 13th century, possibly due to perceived connection with early Christian, St. Columba.
- The site suffered persistent attacks and destruction by the English during the Wars of Independence in the 14th century.
- During the 15th century, Walter Bower, Abbot of Inchcolm wrote the Scotichronicon, an early history of Scotland.
- In 1542 the abbey experienced another English attack with occupying force burning and pillaging the buildings.
- In 1560 the Scottish Reformation resulted in cessation of Catholic worship although some canons remained on site until at least 1578. Thereafter, the church was dismantled and the site progressively fell into ruin.
The site is now is now under management of Historic Scotland and open to visitors who can access via frequent boat trips.
Cloister Garth, Inchcolm Abbey
Bell-Tower from around 1200s
Entrance Portal at Inchcolm Abbey
Seating for senior canons in Chapter House
Vaulted Ceiling of Chapter House
Rood Screen in First Church, 12th century.
Barrel-Vaulted Cloister Walk
To sum up, the key parts of the site are:
- 12th century church.
- 15th century church
- Cloister. (Best preserved medieval cloister in Scotland.)
- Chapter House
- Warming House
- Abbot’s House
Overall, a quality site deserving of a visit for those interested in historic buildings.
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This evening, I am posting information on Britain’s largest warship, HMS Queen Elizabeth, an aircraft carrier which is under construction at Rosyth Naval Dockyard, Firth of Forth, Scotland. ( Near Edinburgh.)
The ship is visible from the Firth (from where images shown here were taken) and from the Forth Road Bridge. A sister ship, the Prince of Wales, is under construction in the same yard.
Key information concerning H.M.S.Queen Elizabeth:
- Launched in 2014 with in-service date of 2020.
- Will carry forty VSTOL aircraft.
- Cost GBP3.1BN.
- Assembled at Rosyth from nine constituent blocks built in six U.K. shipyards.
- Built by BAE, Thales and Babcock Marine.
- Displacement of 65,000 tonnes.
H.M.S.Queen Elizabeth, Rosyth, Scotland
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This evening, I am posting information on Inchcolm Island in Scotland’s Firth of Forth ( bay or estuary) near Edinburgh.
Inchcolm, or ‘Island of Colm’ is home to a wealth of history and offers excellent views of the famous Firth which is a busy shipping channel and spanned by the famous Forth Bridges, with a third bridge currently under construction.
Inchcolm is famous for its ruined ecclesiastical abbey complex which ranges in dates from the 12th to 15th centuries. The abbey ceased to function during the Scottish Reformation in 1560 and has been in a rined state ever since. However, the island was clearly a special place prior to construction of the abbey as evidenced by a 10th century, Viking-era ‘hogback’ burial marker which is now in the island’s museum.
In the 20th century, the island was heavily fortified, as a gun battery, to defend against enemy action in both world wars with a peak compliment of 500 men. Remains of some of the remaining defences can be visited.
Access to the island is by tour boat. A good experience.
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