This evening, I am focusing on Culloden Battlefield near Inverness, Scotland. Here at around 12 noon on April 16th 1746 took place the last battle on British soil. Combatants were two armies consisting of 4500 men under Charles Edward Stuart (aka ‘Bonnie’ Prince Charlie) and a Hanoverian (Government) army 9000 strong.

This battle represented the culmination of a campaign initiated by Charles Edward Stuart to reclaim the thrones of Scotland and England from which his grandfather, James VII (Scotland) II ( England) had been excluded because of his family’s increasingly Roman Catholic leanings at a time that Britain was becoming increasingly Protestant .

On July 25th 1745, Charles landed at Glenfinnan on the West of Scotland with a small group of supporters. With support from some of the Highland Clan Chiefs an army was raised with object of taking England and Scotland by force and reclaim the two countries for the Stuart dynasty. Supporters of Charles were known as Jacobites, a Latin term meaning supporters of James.

Initially, Charles had considerable military success taking Edinburgh and getting as far south as Derby in England. However, with stretched resources and supply lines the army retreated north,  a move which ultimately led to the final confrontation with Government forces under General Cumberland at Culloden on April 16th 1746. This time a combination of many influences including unfriendly terrain, under resourcing and a better equipped Government army led to defeat within the space of just one hour. No quarter was given to the Highlanders and Charles narrowly escaped with his life.

This battle was extremely well documented. This historic information coupled with modern archaeology has contributed to an extremely detailed knowledge of the entire battle which features in an audio visual presentation in the nearby Visitor Centre.

The battle field and Visitor Centre now comprise one of Scotland’s major tourist attractions aided by a location close to  Inverness.

Below are a selection of images showing aspects of the battlefield.

Culloden Memorial

Highlanders Memorial at Culloden

 

Site of Battle of Culloden Moor

Culloden

Culloden Highland Clans Memorial

Culloden Memorial

Old Leanach Farmhouse

Old Leanach Farmhouse

 

Elsewhere today, I have been heavily engaged with work on a number of tours for 2011.

Weather here in Glasgow is getting colder with a overnight frost. However, we have yet to experience the snow which has arrived on the eastern side of the country.

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