Antonine Wall at Rough Castle

Antonine Wall at Rough Castle, Scotland

This morning, together with another tour guide, I visited a well preserved section of the Roman Antonine Wall at Bonnybidge, S.W. Scotland. This was a familiarisation trip in connection with large group tour scheduled for later in the year.

The Antonine Wall is often overshadowed by its more famous counterpart, Hadrian’s Wall. The former is located about 70 miles north of the latter and represented the northern frontier of the Roman Empire for about 20 years, roughly AD 140-AD 160.¬† Some key facts:

  • Construction was undertaken by three Roman legions: 2nd Augusta, 6 Victrix and 20th Valeria Victrix.Total manpower may have been 7,000 men.
  • Predominantly of turf construction on a stone base. Turf superstructure about 2,75m high.
  • At intervals along the Wall were at least 19 principal forts (of which Rough Castle is one). Fortlets existed at one (Roman)¬†mile intervals.
  • Total garrison may have been 7000 men.
  • Abandoned about AD163 when the Romans retreated to Hadrian’s Wall.

This now forms part of a World Heritage Site and is conveniently situated about 45 mins drive from Glasgow. Read more on Visit Rough Castle, Visit Antonine Wall…