Robert the Bruce Statue

Robert the Bruce Statue, Stirling

This evening, I am focusing one of Scotland’s key historical figures, namely King Robert the Bruce. The ‘Bruce’ was an instrumental figure in securing Scotland’s independence from England during medieval times and his legacy and ‘presence’ is encountered in course of various tours ranging from the Borders to Stirling. Here is a summary the life of Robert the Bruce:

  • Born 1276 of Norman French descent, Originally paid homage to Edward I of England.
  • Together with Red Comyn and others grew restive and plotted against the English.
  • Bruce stabbed Comyn to death at Greyfriars Kirk, Dumfries in course of a quarrel. This resulted in excommunication by the Pope and a blood feud with the Comyns.
  • Bruce had himself crowned King at Scone (Perth) on March 27th 1306.
  • Bruce’s army suffered a major defeat by the English at Methven on June 20th 1306 following which Bruce went into hiding.
  • Bruce returned in spring 1307 and commenced a guerrilla campaign against the English.
  • English weakness resulted in Bruce controlling most of Scotland north of the Forth and Clyde by 1309.
  • Bruce was recognised by the King of France and, in 1310, the Scottish Church also.
  • Bruce invades and devastes northern England in 1311.
  • Edward II marched against Bruce which resulted in a major victory for Bruce at Bannockburn on June 24th 1314 notwithstanding english superiority in numbers.
  • Post Bannockburn, Bruce consolidtaes power in Scotland. Declaration of Arbroath signed April 1320 by scottish nobles.
  • The Pope annuls Bruce’s excommnication.
  • Traety of Peace between england and Scotland signed 1328 wich recognised Scotland as an independent country.
  • Bruce’s baby son, David was married to Edward III’s little sister Joan.
  • Bruce dies 1329 age 53 at Cardross, possibly of leprosy.

Here is the burial of Robert the Bruce at Dunfermline Abbey.

The heart of Robert the Bruce is buried at Melrose Abbey in the Scottish Borders.

King Robert the Bruce’s Burial Place at Dunfermline Abbey

Burial Place of Robert the Bruce's Heart

Burial Place of Robert the Bruce’s Heart, Melrose Abbey

Here is a statue of Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn, site of famous battle in 1314 where the Bruce defeated a numerically superior English army.

Robert the Bruce Monument, Bannockburn

Robert the Bruce Monument, Bannockburn, Central Scotland

Clearly, Robert the Bruce was one of the most influential figures in Scottish history.

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