Cirencester Amphitheatre, Cotswolds

Cirencester Amphitheatre, Cotswolds, England


This evening, I am dipping into one of my favourite history topics, namely Roman Britain and Cirencester in particular.

In Roman times, Cirencester was known as Corinium, capital of Civitas Dobunnorum.

The Roman Army arrived here around AD 44 and constructed a fort or fortress on a 30 acre (12ha) site.The civilian settlement developed during the early 60s AD  and subsequently (by around AD 100)  evolved into an important town laid out in a grid pattern which in size ranked second only to Londinium (London) and featured a forum and basilica.

Contemporary with the growth of the new town an amphitheatre  was built on a site (probably a former quarry) about half a mile outside the town. This, now grass covered arena, is still clearly visible and provides an important tangible legacy of the Roman era. The sequence of events is believed to be as follows:

  • First amphitheatre constructed with seating banks raised on mounds of turf and limestone rubble. Entrances were lined with timber and in part revetted with drystone walls.
  • In early 2nd century AD the amphitheatre was reinforced with masonry walls. The elliptical shaped arena measured 160ft by 134ft with seating banks about 96ft wide.
  • In late 2nd Century, a rebuilding of the entrance passage and arena wall occurred.

An impressive site with free entry.

Here are links to some of my other Roman Britain themed blog postings.

Hadrian’s Wall

Antonine Wall

Bearsden Roman Baths

Ardoch Roman Fort

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