Roman Fort, Cramond
Roman Fort, Cramond, Scotland

 This evening, I am focusing on a major Roman site in Scotland at Cramond, near Edinburgh.

This site displays evidence of a remarkable continuity of occupation from the building of the Antonine Wall in AD142 through to subsequent re-occupation and enlargements in around AD 208-222 through to post Roman occupation by local peoples and use of the Roman Principia  as site for a Christian Church around AD600 which has evolved into the current place of worship.

In Roman times Cramond was important because of its location on the Forth Estuary (Firth) which facilitated inward transhipment of supplies by sea from southern Britain and Germany. This video clip  was taken a few hundred metres from the site. A brief summary of the history of the Roman era site:

  • Built around AD142 probably to act as principal supply base for the Antonine Wall although Cramond never formed part of the physical Wall.
  • Extended to 5.7 acres (2.3 ha.).
  • Featured standard military buildings such as principia, barracks, granaries, bathhouse and latrine.
  • Presumed abandoned when the Romans retreated from the Antonine Wall around AD 160.
  • Repaired and reorganised around AD 208 as a supply base for the military excursions into Scotland led by Septimus Severus.
  • Appears to have been garrisoned by part of cohors V Gallorum quingenaria equitata until relocation of that unit to Hadrian’s Wall in AD 222.

Here is a video clip  showing principal features of this large site. Image at top of post shows position of the granary.

Roman Fort, Cramond
Roman Fort, Cramond, Scotland

 

Barrack Block

Roman Fort, Cramond

Roman Fort, Cramond, Scotland

 Latrine Block.

Roman Fort, Cramond

Roman Fort, Cramond, Scotland

 Modern-day Kirk built on site of the Roman fort’s principia. Within the fabric of this building can be found re-cycled Roman masonry.

Cramond Kirk, Edinburgh

Cramond Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland

 

For Roman aficionados such as me this is a fascinating site. There is easy access to the nearby Firth of Forth which offers good scenery and photo opps.

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