Barr Hill Roman Fort, Antonine Wall

Barr Hill Roman Fort, Antonine Wall, Scotland

 
This evening, I am focusing on the fort  at Barr Hill which sits approximately in the middle of the Antonine Wall which served as the northern frontier of the Roman Empire from around AD 142 to AD 164.  The Wall  ran across the ‘waist’ of Scotland from Carriden in the east to Old Kilpatrick in the west along which were interspersed some 18 forts, one of which being that at Barr Hill. The fort included standard features: a H.Q.building, granaries, bathhouse, latrine, barrack blocks and praetorium ( residence) for the garrison commander.
 
Inscriptions indicate that Barr Hill was garrisoned by cohors 1 Hamiorum, a Syrian archer unit and later by cohors 1 Baetasiorum from the Rhine.
 
Other features of Barr Hill:
 
  • Located at highest point (150m) on the line of the Wall.
  • Covered an area of 3.2 acres.
  • Construction comprised a rampart of turf on stone base protected by ditches.
  • Not directly attached to the Wall as summit location offered strategically important views northwards towards the Campsie Fells.
  • The Military Way (road) passed between the fort and the Wall.
  • A Roman Camp has been identified just to the south of the fort which may suggest it served as a construction camp during construction of the fort.
Well and foundations of fort buildings.
Barr Hill Roman Fort, Antonine Wall

Barr Hill Roman Fort, Antonine Wall, Scotland

 
Bathhouse remains.
 
Bath House, Barr Hill Roman Fort

Bath House, Barr Hill Roman Fort, Antonine Wall

 
A ‘must see’ for Roman aficionados like me!
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