Site of Battle of Hastings 1066

Site of Battle of Hastings 1066

This morning, we departed our lodgings in central Battle and walked for few minutes down the road to Battle Abbey and the site of the Battle of Hastings which took place in 1066.

The landscape of the battlefield is essentially unchanged from the 11th century other than the construction of the abbey buildings where the English army fought and died (defeated) on October 14th 1066.. The non-abbey landscape was preserved because it was used as open parkland for much of the subsequent millennium.

Battle of Hastings 1066

Battle of Hastings 1066

The Battle of Hastings was an important milestone in English/British history because it marked the beginning of the medieval period (which ended with the Battle of Bosworth in 1485) combined with a change of governance and introduction of Norman- French into the English language.

The original abbey church was constructed in the 1070s with the high alter positioned on the spot where king Harold was slain. The fisrt monastic buildings were replaced during the 13th century with the buildings which are extant today and which comprise:

  • East Range
  • Novices Chamber
  • Passage
  • Chapter House
  • Dormitory
  • Cloister
  • South Range
  • West Range and Abbot’s Lodging
  • Abbey Church
  • Great Gatehouse
Battle Abbey and Site Where Harold Fell

Battle Abbey and Site Where Harold Fell.

Gatehouse at Battle Abbey

Gatehouse at Battle Abbey

Crypt at Battle Abbey

Crypt at Battle Abbey

Battle Abbey

Battle Abbey

Next we drove to Bosham on the south coast where our prime objective was Holy Trinity Church. This is known to be the oldest Christian site in Sussex with a continuity of worship dating back over 1000 years.The church dates back to Saxon times. Key features of the building are:

  • 14th century, South Aisle.
  • 12th century Font.
  • The Tower with first three stages dating to Saxon times (late 10th century to 11th century) with final, fourth stage dating from the late 11th century, Norman period.
  • 12th century North Aisle.
  • 12th century Pillar Piscina.
  • Memorial to King Canute’s daughter.
  • Three stage Chancel comprising Saxon, Norman and Early English styles.
  • Double Piscinae
Bosham Church

Bosham Church

Inside Bosham Church

Inside Bosham Church

Bosham sits close to the coast. During lunch at a local pub we discovered just how fast the tide turns when a waiter alerted the driver to the fact that the bus (which was parked near the water’s edge) was at risk of being submerged by the incoming tide. George, the driver, unfortunately incurred two wet feet during urgent endeavour to get into and move the vehicle, which he successfully achieved.

Bosham Pub

Bosham Pub

Incoming Tide at Bosham

Incoming Tide at Bosham

Next we moved to our final objective of Winchester and its famous Cathedral.This site started as a Christian site of worship in AD 645. However, the current structure can trace back to its opening in 1093 and completion some 30 years later. Key aspects of the Cathedral include:

  • The Nave within which are:
    • The West Window and Treasury.
    • West End Statues.
    • Jane Austen burial.
    • The Font.
    • Wykeham’s Chantry Chapel.
  • The Crossings and Windows featuring:
    • Epiphany Chapel
  • The North Transept featuring:
    • Holy Sepulchre Chapel
    • Crypt
  • The East End featuring:
    • Gardiner’s Chantry Chapel
  • The Retrochoir featuring:
    • Six Chapels.
    • St. Swithun’s Memorial
    • The Holy Hole
  • The Presbytery and Quire including the Great Screen
  • The South Transept featuring:
    • Two chapels.
    • The Morley Library.
  • The Triforium Gallery.
Winchester Cathedral

Winchester Cathedral

Waterlogged Crypt at winchester Cathedral

Waterlogged Crypt at winchester Cathedral

Inside Winchester Cathedral

Inside Winchester Cathedral.

Swithun's Shrine

Swithun’s Shrine.

Inside Winchester Cathedral

Inside Winchester Cathedral

Medieval Decoration

Medieval Decoration.

We concluded our Cathedral visit about 5.00pm and then drove to our lodgings for the night at nearby Alton. Here we witnessed a stunning sunset.

Alton Sunset

Alton Sunset.

Alton Sunset

Alton Sunset

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