Flags at Sanquhar, Scotland

This evening, I am posting information on the historic small town of Sanquhar which lies directly south of Glasgow in Upper Nithsdale, Dumfries and Galloway. Directly south is the Scottish Borders region. The area comprising Sanquhar has a long history of human occupation, dating back to Roman times and beyond. An important castle was constructed here in the 12th century. In 1598 King James VI assigned Sanquhar Royal Burgh status.

Starting in the 18th century an array of industries developed including woollen and cotton goods, brick making, iron forging, carpet manufacturing, cheese making and coal mining.Sanquhar is particularly known for elaborately designed knitwear, mainly socks and gloves. Very few of the old activities remain current although the knitwear is available.

Scotland’s national poet, Robert Burns was a frequent visitor to Sanquhar. Other famous personages who have visited Sanquhar include William Wallace (‘Braveheart’), King James VI of Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots, Prince Louis Napoleon of France, Sir Walter Scott and the future King Edward VII.

Here is the Tolbooth which dates from 1735 which at one time housed the town’s administration and prison.

Sanquhar Tolbooth

This is St. Mary’s Street down which rode Mary, Queen of Scots following her defeat at the Battle of Langside in 1568.

St. Mary’s Street, Sanquhar, Scotland

Sanquhar’s Post Office dates from 1712 and is recognised as the oldest in the world still in regular use.

Sanquhar Post Office, Scotland

This was the Queensberry Arms Inn which Robert Burns frequented when travelling between Ellisland and Mauchline.Burns wrote a few lines on a window pane here.

Queensberry Arms Inn, Sanquhar

This archway leads to Baronscourt. In 1745 the Jacobite army lodged in the Close. Later, during the Napoleonic Wars several French Prisoners of War were held here.

Baronscourt or Calton Close, Sanquhar, Scotland

This is Gallow’s Close which led directly to a place of execution on the Burgh Muir.

Gallow’s Close, Sanquhar, Scotland

Here are the Town Council Chambers which date from 1814 and were used for council administration purposes from 1926 to 1974. The premises are still used by the Community Council and other organisations.

Town Council Chambers, Sanquhar, Scotland

This is the Cameron Monument, a traditional place of public declaration. In 1680 one Richard Cameron and a small group of armed supporters effectively declared war on King Charles II due to a conflict concerning church governance. Cameron was killed in a subsequent battle with Government Dragoons.

Cameron Monument, Sanquhar

This video clip of Sanquhar was taken from the vantage point of the Cameron Monument.

This in Coo Wynd along which the townspeople had a right to move their cattle to a designated pasturage each day. This right was terminated in 1830.

Coo Wynd, Sanquhar, Scotland

Finally, at the southern end of Sanquhar is the Castle which dates from the 12th century and is now a ruin.

Sanquhar Castle, Scotland

Sanquhar is a fascinating small town, packed full of history and with links to many historical figures.

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