Royal Mile, Edinburgh, Scotland

This evening, I am focusing on Edinburgh’s Royal Mile, a popular visitor site with many and varied places of interest.

Edinburgh Castle is built on an ancient volcanic plug. First recorded in the 11th century, te present structure was not built as a single project but evolved over the centuries. Features include:

  • One o’clock gun.
  • St; Margaret’s Chapel (1076).
  • Mons Meg Cannon (1449)
  • Half Moon Battery (1574).
  • Crown Room wherein are kept the Scotland’s crown jewels and the Stone of Scone.
  • Scottish National War Memorial.

Entrance to Edinburgh Castle, Scotland.

Inside Edinburgh Castle.

Royal Square, Edinburgh Castle, Scotland.

Statue of King Charles II in Parliament Square (1685).

King Charles II Statue, Parliament Square, Edinburgh

Parliament Square. Behind this facade can be found Parliament Hall (1639) where the Scottish Parliament met until 1707.

Parliament Square, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Mercat Cross in Parliament Square. This has a log history dating back to 1365. Erected in current position 1885 with part of original 14th century Cross incorporated in shaft.

Mercat Cross, Royal Mile, Edinburgh

St. Giles Cathedral or High Kirk of Edinburgh. Present building dates from 14th/15th centuries but on an ancient Christian site dating from 9th century. A Presbyterian church since 1688. Inside is the Thistle Chapel dating from 1911.

St. Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Inside St. Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh

Chapel of Knights of the Thistle, Scotland’s chief order of chivalry.

Thistle Chapel, St. Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh

Example of 17th century architecture at 181 Canongate.

Restored 17th century tenement at 189 Canongate.

Famous World’s End Pub. So named because it sat at boundary wall of old medieval town.

World’s End Pub, Royal Mile

John Knox House which is constructed of two traditional houses built in the 15th century. An outstanding example of an Edinburgh townhouse of the period. John Knox was a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation of 1560.

John Knox House, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Royal Mile from John Knox House, Edinburgh, Scotland

Dunbar Close, a garden laid out in the style of a the 17th century.

Dunbar Close Garden, Edinburgh, Scotland

Burial place of economist, Adam Smith in Canongate Kirk burial ground.

Adam Smith’s Burial Place, Edinburgh

 Canongate Kirk was built in 1688. This superseded Holyrood Abbey as a place of public worship.

Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland

Scottish Parliament Building, which was opened in September 2004. Designed by Spanish architects Enric Miralles and Benedetta Tagliabue in partnership with RMJM Scotland.

Debating Chamber, Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh.

Scottish Parliament Building, Edinbrugh, Scotland

Palace of Holyroodhouse.. Initiated 16th century but much of structure dates from the time of Charles II, 1671-76. Still used as a Royal residence today.

Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland

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