North Door

This evening, I am posting information on St. Michael’s Church, Burgh-by-Sands, in Cumbria, England.

This church has a history dating back at least 800 years but the actual site dates back to the 2nd century AD as the church is situated in the eastern section of the former Aballava Fort on the western section of Hadrian’s Wall. Illustration below shows positioning.

Illustration of Aballava Roman Fort on Hadrian’s Wall

The builders of St. Michael’s used masonry re-cycled from the Wall and fort ruins. The criss-cross stone shown below forms part of the tower and is almost certainly Roman.

Criss-cross stone from Roman Fort

Image of the church is shown below. The tower is particularly robust and was built for defence of the local community during troubles times of the 12th and 13th centuries (when England and Scotland were at war) and later when the Borders region was lawless. King Edward I of England actually lay in state here after his death when campaigning in 1307.

Features of the church include:

  • Post medieval sandstone font.
  • Pilgrim Trail Stations.
  • Stained glass windows in North Aisle.
  • St. Kentigern’s Chapel.
  • Carved head from 12th century.
  • List of incumbent priests since 12th century.
  • Strong yett (or gate) to fortified tower.

St. Michael’s Church, Burgh-by-Sands, England

 

Interior of Church

Ancient Corbel

Stained glass depicting Christian saint

This site is rich in history and architecture and deserving of a visit.

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