Royal Mile, Edinburgh, Scotland

Royal Mile, Edinburgh, Scotland

This evening, I am focusing on Edinburgh’s Royal Mile, a popular visitor site with many and varied places of interest.

The Royal Mile is a partly pedestrianised thoroughfare which comprises a succession of streets in the Old Town and stretches between Edinburgh Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse.

Summary information on particular sites and places of interest is provided below.

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle dominating the Edinburgh skyline.

Edinburgh Castle dominating the Edinburgh skyline.

Possibly the top visitor attraction in Edinburgh. The castle, which is built on an ancient volcanic plug, was first recorded in the 11th century with the present structure evolving over subsequent centuries. Features include:

  • One O’Clock Gun.
  • St. Margaret’s Chapel (1076).
  • Mons Meg Cannon (1449)
  • Half Moon Battery (1574).
  • Crown Room wherein is kept Scotland’s Crown Jewels and the Stone of Scone.
  • Scottish National War Memorial.

Deacon Brodie’s Tavern

This pub commemorates one Deacon Brodie (1741-1788) a leading Edinburgh citizen who lived a double life and was the inspiration for R.L. Stevenson’s work, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

Deacon Brodie''s Tavern, Royal Mile, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Deacon Brodie’s Tavern, Royal Mile, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Parliament Square

Close to St Giles Cathedral. Home of original Scottish Parliament until formation of the United Kingdom in 1707. Now used by the Scottish legal profession. Visitors can still inspect the former Parliament chamber in Parliament Hall although access is not advertised.

In the Square can be seen an equine statue of King Charles II (1630-1685) who became King of England, Scotland and Ireland upon restoration of the monarchy in 1660. The statue dates from 1685.

Equine statue of King Charles II in Parliament Square, Edinburgh.

Equine statue of King Charles II in Parliament Square, Edinburgh.

Mercat Cross in Parliament Square. This has a long history dating back to 1365. Erected in current position 1885 with part of original 14th century Cross incorporated in shaft. Function was a central meeting point for the business community and a place where official communications were read out.

Mercat Cross, Edinburgh, Scotland

Mercat Cross, Edinburgh, Scotland.

St Giles Cathedral

St. Giles Cathedral or High Kirk of Edinburgh. Present building dates from 14th/15th centuries but on an ancient Christian site dating from 9th century. A Presbyterian church since 1688. Inside is the Thistle Chapel dating from 1911.Usually open to visitors.

St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland

St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland

Inside St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Inside St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Video clip of Chapel of Knights of the Thistle, Scotland’s chief order of chivalry.

 Example of 17th century architecture at 189 Canongate, one of earliest high-rise buildings in Scotland.A restored tenement building.

181 Canongate, Edinburgh, Scotland

189 Canongate, Edinburgh, Scotland

Famous, World’s End Pub. So named because it sat at boundary wall of old medieval town beyond which inhabitants rarely ventured.

World's End Pub, Royal Mile, edinburgh, Scotland.

World’s End Pub, Royal Mile, Edinburgh, Scotland.

John Knox House, 43-45 High Street, Edinburgh.

This is constructed of two traditional houses built in the 15th century. An outstanding example of an Edinburgh townhouse of the period. John Knox was a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation of 1560. Now a museum and open to the public.

John Knox House, Royal Mile, Edinburgh

John Knox House, Royal Mile, Edinburgh.

View of Royal Mile through window at John Knox House, Edinburgh.

View of Royal Mile through window at John Knox House, Edinburgh.

 Canongate Tolbooth (1591)

Former courthouse, burgh jail and meeting place, since converted to a museum.

Cannongate Tolbooth Royal Mile, Edinburgh

Canongate Tolbooth Royal Mile, Edinburgh.

A garden laid out in the style of a the 17th century.

Dunbar Close Garden, Royal Mile, Edinburgh.

Dunbar Close Garden, Royal Mile, Edinburgh.

Chessels Court, Canongate.

This site dates from 1748 and is of architectural merit.

Chessel's Court, Royal Mile Edinburgh.

Chessels Court, Royal Mile Edinburgh.

Canongate Kirk.

Built in 1688 to replace Holyrood Abbey as a place of public worship.

Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland

Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland

Inside Canongate Kirk, Royal Mile, Edinburgh.

Inside Canongate Kirk, Royal Mile, Edinburgh.

Scottish Parliament Building

This is located foot of Royal Mile.Opened in September 2004. Designed by Spanish architects Enric Miralles and Benedetta Tagliabue in partnership with RMJM Scotland. Open to visitors.

Scottish Parliament Building, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Scottish Parliament Building, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Palace of Holyroodhouse.

Initiated 16th century but much of structure dates from the time of Charles II, 1671-76. Still used as a Royal residence today. Located opposite the Scottish Parliament.Usually open to the public.

Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland

Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland

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