Flodden Wall at Greyfriars Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland

This evening, I am posting information on Flodden Wall in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Flodden is the name of a major battle fought in Branxton, Northumberland, England on September 9th 1513 between an invading Sots army under King James IV and an English army under the Earl of Surrey. The Scots were numerically superior but, due to poor generalship, suffered a massive defeat extending to, possibly, 10,000 casualties vs 1700 on the English side. James IV was killed on the battlefield.

The death toll on the Scots side impacted across society including an archbishop, earls, barons, 300 knights plus the cream of Scottish manhood which was felt across counties and towns throughout the land.

Flodden Wall was reputed to have been constructed by women and children after the defeat at Flodden as a measure to protect the important medieval city of Edinburgh. Female and child labour is attributed to shortage of males following the catastrophe at the Battle of Flodden.There is evidence to suggest that Flodden was not a new wall but a rebuild of an existing wall. This type of wall would not have been impervious to a concerted military attack, instead serving key purpose as a boundary, controlling flow of goods, facilitating taxation and deterring smuggling.

By the 18th century the Flodden and other walls had become obsolete and parts were demolished.

Images in this post show remaining sections of the wall at Greyfriars Kirk and Drummond Street.

Flodden Wall at junction of Drummond Street and Pleasance Street, Edinburgh.

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