Lang Sandy effigy at Rowanburn, Scottish Borders.

This evening, I am posting information on Lang Sandy Armstrong whose name is indelibly linked with the lawless ‘Border Reivers’ period of the 16th century. During this period England and Scotland were separate nations with the region just north of the border between the two countries under no effective control and known as the ‘debateable land’. Because of intermittent friction between England and Scotland it actually suited both governments to have a buffer zone which came under control of families such as Armstrongs, Grahams, Scotts and Nixons who were collectively known as Border Reivers, effectively local warlords who raided each other and the English. The Armstrongs were the most powerful family who, it is believed, could raise 3000 horsemen.

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