Reenactment at the Roman Baths.

Tonight, I am posting information on the Roman Baths at Bath, S.W. England.

Impression of Roman Bath complex circa AD 400.

The Romans occupied most of mainland U.K. from around AD 43 to AD 410 from which period we have a massive physical legacy of roads, ruins, settlements, inscriptions, coins, amphitheatres and cities plus military sites such as Hadrian’s Wall and the Antonine Wall.

Simulated Roman bathing at Bath

Modern-day Bath was known as Aqua Sulis, a recreation themed settlement centred on the hot springs which emerge from deep within the earth. More information as follows:

  • The water flows at a rate of 250,000 gallons per day at temperature of 46 degrees centigrade (115 F.) and contains 43 minerals.
  • The construction demonstrates advanced hydraulic engineering skills of the Romans in the art of taming natural springs.
  • Building of the Baths and temple was completed by around AD 75. In subsequent periods the original simple but elegant structure was modified and extended to include a laconium (circular room with dry, hot air), a cold plunge Circular Bath and new suite of baths at the east end.
  • A religious site dedicated jointly to the local deity Sul (from which Aqua Sulis is derived) and the Roman goddess Minerva.This was a destination for pilgrims seeking guidance of Sulis Minerva and healing in curative waters.The facility was open to a wide range of the populace, from age 18 months to 86 years, both military and civilian.
  • At the centre of Aqua Sulis was a classical temple dedicated to the deities mentioned above.
  • The temple was designed so the hot springs arose from the ground within the temple courtyard with the water channelled into an elaborate bathing facility.
  • Military tombstones have been found in the locality but the site may have been used by the Roman Army for convalescent and recuperative purposes.

Roman hypocaust underfloor heating system at Bath

Great Bath at Bath, England.

Circular Bath at the Roman Baths

Today, the Roman Baths are a popular visitor attraction. There is also a commercial bathing facility nearby where visitors can bath in the same, naturally heated waters.