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This evening, I am focusing on Culloden Battlefield near Inverness, Scotland. Here at around 12 noon on April 16th 1746 took place the last battle on British soil. Combatants were two armies consisting of 4500 men under Charles Edward Stuart (aka ‘Bonnie’ Prince Charlie) and a Hanoverian (Government) army 9000 strong.

This battle represented the culmination of a campaign initiated by Charles Edward Stuart to reclaim the thrones of Scotland and England from which his grandfather, James VII (Scotland) II ( England) had been excluded because of his family’s increasingly Roman Catholic leanings at a time that Britain was becoming increasingly Protestant .

On July 25th 1745, Charles landed at Glenfinnan on the West of Scotland with a small group of supporters. With support from some of the Highland Clan Chiefs an army was raised with object of taking England and Scotland by force and reclaim the two countries for the Stuart dynasty. Supporters of Charles were known as Jacobites, a Latin term meaning supporters of James.

Initially, Charles had considerable military success taking Edinburgh and getting as far south as Derby in England. However, with stretched resources and supply lines the army retreated north,  a move which ultimately led to the final confrontation with Government forces under General Cumberland at Culloden on April 16th 1746. This time a combination of many influences including unfriendly terrain, under resourcing and a better equipped Government army led to defeat within the space of just one hour. No quarter was given to the Highlanders and Charles narrowly escaped with his life.

This battle was extremely well documented. This historic information coupled with modern archaeology has contributed to an extremely detailed knowledge of the entire battle which features in an audio visual presentation in the nearby Visitor Centre.

The battle field and Visitor Centre now comprise one of Scotland’s major tourist attractions aided by a location close to  Inverness.

Below are a selection of images showing aspects of the battlefield.

Culloden Memorial

Highlanders Memorial at Culloden

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This evening, my theme is Provand’s Lordship which is located close to Glasgow Cathedral. This is a very rare example of 15th century domestic Scottish architecture. The precise original purpose of the building is uncertain although it is likely to have been linked to the administrative function of Diocese of Glasgow which administered a wide area of 200 parishes in medieval times.. The name implies that the building was originally the manse of the prebend of Provan but this was based on unproven assumptions dating from the late 19th century.

Whatever the buildings origins, it certainly  qualifies as a unique part of Glasgow’s heritage. It was originally built as a sandstone tenement with three stories and experienced many changes subsequently. It has now been completely restored and functions as a museum owned by Glasgow Council.

Images of the interior shown below include a unique collection of Scottish domestic furniture ascribed to the period around AD 1700.

Interior of Provand's Lordship

Provand's Lordship, Glasgow

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This morning, I collected my tour group from Glasgow’s West End and proceeded as follows:

Firstly, to Glasgow’s famous 13th century Cathedral dedicated to St Mungo or St Kentigern.

Inside Glasgow Cathedral

Glasgow Cathedral

Then a walk to the nearby Necropolis, 19th century burial ground of Glasgow’s business and social elite. A wide array of elaborate memorials and tombstones.

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