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  • Prior to and during the Roman Occupation of Britain, the natives spoke Brittonic languages or Pictish. Goidelic (Gaelic) was spoken in Ireland.
  • English ( a Germanic language) developed in England consequent upon the Germanic invasion sof the 5th century.

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Battle of Falkirk

0830 Collect group of Army personnel from Edinburgh barracks. Head North West to Stirling passing close to Falkirk where on Jan 17th 1746 there occurred a battle between Jacobite forces of Bonnie Prince Charlie and a Royalist army under command of Lieutenant General Hawley. The battle lasted just 20minutes and the result appeared inconclusive although the royal army lost around 350 men killed, wounded and missing with 300 captured. The Jacobites lost some 50 dead and 70 wounded. Hawley was a ruthless disciplinarian and his handling of the army was inept. Subsequently, the Duke of Cumberland arrived to take command on Jan 30th 1746.

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Bannockburn

We arrive at Bannockburn in the shadow of Stirling Castle. Here on June 23rd and June 24th 1314 was fought arguably the most decisive battle in Scottish history and which acted as a watershed in Scotland’s fraught relationship with England.

The catalyst for the battle was the Scots’ siege of Stirling Castle. This was the only remaining English occupied stronghold in Scotland which was to be surrendered on June 25th. 1314 if not relieved by that date.

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The Callanish Stones are found on the Isle of Lewis, Western Isles . They were constructed about 5000 years ago by a Neolithic Community about which we know very little, other than their relationship with the Moon.

The positioning of the Stones suggest a tribute to the moon; part sacred site, part observatory (part Lunar calander and part computer).

The Stones have been arranged to track movements of the moon across the sky from month to month.

Our ancestors knew how to mark extreme positions of the moon and predict rare lunar events.

To the south of the Stones is a range of hills which resemble the outline of a reclining woman. Every 18 years the full moon roses out of the hills, rolls along the body and then disappears. Moments later the moon reappears in the centre of the stone circle. There is local legend that people who witness this event are blessed with fertility.

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