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Browsing Posts in England



This evening I am posting a record of my recent visit to the spa town of Harrogate in Yorkshire, northern England. Mineral waters were discovered here in 1571 subsequent to which the town rose to prominence as a major Spa destination in Britain, attracting many wealthy patrons. However, later in the 20th century scientific developments surpassed the need for water treatments and the baths were closed for medical use in 1969. However, there is a strong legacy of times past and Turkish Baths are still in operation.

Here is the front of the former Royal Baths building which dates from 1897 and now houses a Chinese restaurant.

This is the front of the intriguing Royal Hall which dates from 1903 and has recently benefited form a GBP10.8M restoration programme. See this video for an appreciation of the stunning interior.


This is the Royal Pump Room which also a museum. It was built over the Old Sulphur Well which produces water quite safe to drink but was once known as the ‘Stinking Spaw’. A taste of this water lingers on the palate for a considerable time!

This is a tap producing free sulphur water for anyone who wishes it.

This is the former Magnesia Pump Room which in its day dispensed water rich in magnesium.

This is the Bogs Field which contains a total of 36 mineral wells, all producing separate and distinctive waters.

Victorian era shopping area which includes the popular Betty’s Cafe.

Interesting iron work outside Betty’s Cafe with War Memorial in middle distance.

Read more on Tour Harrogate, England…



Today, I am posting information about Raby Castle, County Durham, England. Raby Castle is one of the largest and most impressive of English medieval castles.
The first castle built on the Raby estate, was constructed during the reign on King Cnut in the early 11th century. The castle stands now, was begun by John 3rd Baron Nevill in the 14th century. The Nevilles owned the castle until the Rising of the North in 1569. Then, the Nevilles lost the castle and a lot of their possessions. Raby Castle has been the home of Lord Banard’s family since1626.

The exterior of the castle:
It is really beautiful, the towers are imposing and you can see the Kitchen Tower and Clifford’s Tower with original windows.

The interior of the castle:
You can discover the outstanding castle: the Entrance Hall, the Barons’Hall, the Octagon Drawing Room, the Dining room created by William Burn in original design, the kitchen which was built in medieval style,the Blue Bedroom.

Read more on Raby Castle, County Durham, England….



This evening, I am posting some images of a couple of interesting Roman sites which I visited recently in the Lake District.

The first (still) image is of Hardknott Roman Fort or Mediobocdum. This large fort was built during the time of Hadrian (Emperor from AD117 to 138) by a Cohort of troops from Croatia. The walls were 12 feet thick. Other features include a double towered gateway, granaries, a bathhouse and commandant’s quarters. Elevation is 800 feet and in winter this would have proved a hardship posting for the troops.


Here is a video clip of Alauna, at Maryport. This Roman fort is believed to have been closely linked to Hadrian’s Wall just to the north. It was built by Vexillations of the Second Augustan Legion and the Twentieth Legion. Unfortunately, access to the actual site was restricted but adjacent is a museum full of Roman era artifacts and statues from the locality. To me the earthworks are redolent of Ardoch in Perthshire. In the video can be seen a replica of a Roman Watchtower.

For visitors interested in the Roman era, both of the above sites are deserving of a visit. (There is a good fish and chip shop at the sea front in Maryport!)

Read more on Roman Sites in Lake District England…