Today, I provided a small group tour of highlights of the Antonine Wall in Scotland, a World Heritage Site.
The Antonine Wall was constructed between AD 139 and 142 under Emperor, Titus Aurelius Antoninus. It extends for a length of about 37 miles on a line roughly between modern -day Edinburgh and Glasgow in the south of Scotland.The Wall represented the Northern Frontier of the Roman Empire until Antoninus’s death in AD 161 whereafter Hadrian’s Wall was reinstated as the Northern Frontier, some 100 miles south.The Wall was constructed on a 14 ft wide stone base on which sat a turf built rampart, possibly ten feet high.
The tour was undertaken in a East to West direction, commencing Falkirk and visiting:
- The Wall near Callendar House in Falkirk and then a visit to the Roman themed museum at Callendar House which itself of interest, being constructed in the French Renaissance Chateau style in the 19th century.
- Bonnybridge and the excellent section of the Wall at Rough Castle. Here can be viewed a Roman ‘minefield’ which the Romans called ‘Lilia’ due to similarity with lily pads.
- Next, to the Wardpark industrial area of Cumbernauld which provides access to another section on the Wall. Close by is the film studio where the Outlander series is being filmed.
- Cumbernauld Airport, where we had lunch with views of the Wall.
- Twechar, from we hiked about half a mile to visit the Barr Hill Fort, the highest elevation on the Wall. Here can be viewed reasonably well preserved remains including the Bathhouse.
- Bearsden, where we visited the Roman Baths connected with the former fort on the site. This site was only discovered in the 1970s.
- Foundations of the Wall in New Kilpatrick Cemetery, Bearsden.
Finally, guests were taken to overnight lodgings in Renfrew Street, Glasgow.
Antonine Wall at Falkirk, Scotland
Callendar House, Falkirk, Scotland
Antonine Wall looking east at Rough Castle, Bonnybridge, Scotland.
Lilia at Rough Castle, Antonine Wall, Bonnybridge, Scotland
View North from Antonine Wall at Cumbernauld, Scotland
Antononine Wall at Cumbernauld, Scotland
Roman Fort at Barr Hill, Twechar, Scotland
Barr Hill Roman Fort at Twechar, Scotland
Roman Baths at Barr Hill Roman Fort, Twechar, Scotland
Roman Baths at Bearsden, Scotland.
Video clip of Bearsden Roman Baths
Foundations of Antonine Wall at New Kilpatrick Cemetery, Bearsden, Scotland
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